North Straits Salish language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Northern Straits Salish)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
North Straits Salish
SENĆOŦEN / Malchosen / Siʔneməš / Lekwungen / Semiahmoo / T’Sou-ke
RegionVancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada; Washington, United States
Native speakers
105 (2016 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3str
ELPNorthern Straits Salish
Coast Salish language map.svg
Coast Salish linguistic distribution in the early to mid 1800s. The Northern Straits area is in the center in light red .

North Straits Salish is a Salish language which includes the dialects of

  • Lummi (also known as W̱lemi,Ćosen, Xwlemiʼchosen, xʷləmiʔčósən) (†)
  • Saanich (also known as Senćoten, sənčáθən, sénəčqən)
  • Samish (also known as Si, Námeś, Siʔneməš) (†)
  • Semiahmoo (Semyome) (also known as Tah-tu-lo) (†)
  • T'sou-ke or Sooke (also known as Z̓owc, Tʼsou-ke, c̓awk) (†)
  • Songhees (also known as Leqeṉi, Neṉ, Lək̓ʷəŋín̓əŋ or Lekwungen or Songish), three speakers (2011)[2]

Although they are mutually intelligible, each dialect is traditionally referred to as if it were a separate language, and there is no native term to encompass them all.

North Straits, along with Klallam, forms the Straits Salish branch of the Central Coast Salish languages. Klallam and North Straits are very closely related, but not mutually intelligible.

See Saanich dialect for the phonology.

See also[edit]

  • Laurence C. Thompson; M. Terry Thompson; Barbara S. Efrat (1974). "Some Phonological Developments in Straits Salish". International Journal of American Linguistics. 40 (3): 182–196. doi:10.1086/465311. S2CID 144820134.
  • Timothy Montler (1999). "Language and dialect variation in Straits Salishan". Anthropological Linguistics. 41 (4): 462–502.


  1. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Aboriginal Mother Tongue (90)". Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  2. ^ Patterson, Travis (2011-06-01). "Traditional language comes alive on breakwater". Victoria News. Retrieved 2013-06-02.

External links[edit]